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Federal Cavalry - 4th New York Cavalry crossing the Rappanhannock River in Virginia abt 1863

Charles Federlichner was serving in this unit at the time the picture was taken. The regiment, also known as "The 1st Regiment," "The German Cavalry," "Dickel's Mounted Rifles," and the "Lincoln Greens" was detached with its brigade (Pennock Huey's) in Maryland during the Battle of Gettysburg. The first colonel of the regiment was Christian F. Dickel, who subsequently resigned on September 10, 1862. Dickel had owned a riding academy on 43rd Street in New York City.

The major battles the regiment participated in were:
Harrisonburg, Cross-Keys, Port Republic, Bull Run, Berryville, Fredericksburg, Barnett's Ford, Grove Church, Trevilian Station, Deep Bottom, Front Royal, Kearneysville, Kelly's Ford, Chancellorsville, Beverly Ford, Upperville, Gettysburg, Brandy Station, Morton Ford, Oak Hill, and Mine Run. The 4th, comprised of an ethnic diversity of Germans, Frenchmen, Italians, Brits, and Hungarians, was Calvary Corps Commander, Alfred Pleasonton's least favorite unit. Pleasonton distrusted anyone not born in America, and constantly demoted or eliminated them on this sole and discriminatory criteria. It was said that orders to the regiment "had to be issued in six or seven different languages." Although surrounded by controversy and criticized for its unreliability, there is a monument to the unit on the field at Gettysburg honoring their service.

Owner/SourceNational Archives
PlaceRappahannock River
File nameaverellscav.jpg
File Size436.61k
Dimensions1520 x 1009
Linked toCharles FEDERLICHNER

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