1841 - 1907 (65 years)
||Charles FEDERLICHNER |
||4 Feb 1841
||Karlsruhe, Baden, Germany 
||Served in 4th New York Regiment |
||1889 345 East 31st Street, NY, NY, 1880 307 10th Avenue, NY, NY (Hells Kitchen) |
||307 Tenth Ave. New York, NY
||Togus National Cemetery, Kennebec, ME
||20 Jan 1907
||Togus Soldiers Home, Maine 
||2 Feb 2014 |
||Elizabeth LAUDT, b. 1 Feb 1844, Darmstadt, Hess, Germany , d. Abt 1880 (Age 35 years) |
||11 Feb 1866 
| ||1. Anna (Elizabeth) FEDERLICHNER, b. 16 Mar 1866, 78 Lewis St., New York, NY , d. 24 Apr 1921, Hillsdale, NJ (Age 55 years)|
| ||2. Charles FEDERLICHNER, Jr., b. 1875, New York, NY |
| ||3. Elizabeth (Lil) FEDERLICHNER, b. 14 Nov 1875, New York, NY , d. 26 Nov 1961, Park Ridge, Bergen, NJ (Age 86 years)|
| ||4. Caroline (Carrie) FEDERLICHNER, b. 1879, 219 Rivington St., New York, NY , d. 3 Jul 1959, Park Ridge, NJ (Age 80 years)|
||11 Oct 2016 00:41:51 |
||Group Sheet | Family Chart
||Federal Cavalry troops at Bull Run in late 1862. |
Charles Federlichner, Jim's German immigrant great-grandfather on his mother's side served under Medal of Honor winner, Colonel Louis P. di Cesnola, in this unit during the time the photo was taken. Di Cesnola was captured at Aldie, VA in June, 1863 and held prisoner for 10 months.
||Federal Cavalry - 4th New York Cavalry crossing the Rappanhannock River in Virginia abt 1863|
Charles Federlichner was serving in this unit at the time the picture was taken. The regiment, also known as "The 1st Regiment," "The German Cavalry," "Dickel's Mounted Rifles," and the "Lincoln Greens" was detached with its brigade (Pennock Huey's) in Maryland during the Battle of Gettysburg. The first colonel of the regiment was Christian F. Dickel, who subsequently resigned on September 10, 1862. Dickel had owned a riding academy on 43rd Street in New York City.
The major battles the regiment participated in were:
Harrisonburg, Cross-Keys, Port Republic, Bull Run, Berryville, Fredericksburg, Barnett's Ford, Grove Church, Trevilian Station, Deep Bottom, Front Royal, Kearneysville, Kelly's Ford, Chancellorsville, Beverly Ford, Upperville, Gettysburg, Brandy Station, Morton Ford, Oak Hill, and Mine Run. The 4th, comprised of an ethnic diversity of Germans, Frenchmen, Italians, Brits, and Hungarians, was Calvary Corps Commander, Alfred Pleasonton's least favorite unit. Pleasonton distrusted anyone not born in America, and constantly demoted or eliminated them on this sole and discriminatory criteria. It was said that orders to the regiment "had to be issued in six or seven different languages." Although surrounded by controversy and criticized for its unreliability, there is a monument to the unit on the field at Gettysburg honoring their service.
||4th New York Cavalry Monument|
Monument is on Pleasonton Avenue, Gettysburg Tour. Charles Federlichner served with this unit during the Civil War, and later lived out his days at the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers at Togus, Maine. He was one of nearly 200,000 German immigrants who served the Union during the war. The inscription on the monument reads:
"This regiment participated in
the Gettysburg Campaign until
reaching Hanover Junction
June 30th, when with the Brigade
it was detached and moved to
Manchester where it picketed
the surrounding country until
July 3rd, when it proceeded to
Westminster. On the 4th it
joined Kilpatrick's Division
in pursuit of the enemy and with
it participated at Monterey
Pass that night, and in the many
other cavalry engagements
until the enemy recrossed
- Civil War records show his name as Federlichtle and Federlechner. There is one other family with the name spelled Federlechner which settled in the Buffalo, New York area. We have tried over the years to link the two, but have yet to find an appropriate document.
Birth dates in military and related records are given as 1838. The New York Marriages record shows 1841. The most complete profile we have is based on military records.
Charles mustered in 10 Aug 1861, at New York, as a corporal with Company A, 4th New York Cavalry Regiment, 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps during the Civil War. His records show 36 months of service in the war. We know he lived his final days at the Soldiers Home, Togus, Maine, and is buried there. He entered the home at the age of 54 with a pension of $10 per month. In 1893 he is listed as the Head Baker at the Soldiers Home.
The documents we reviewed show he was wounded following the Gettysburg Campaign, quite likely near Middleburg,VA during skirmishes with Maj Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry near Alexandria, Virginia in June-July 1863. Through the spring and summer of 1863, the 4th NY was engaged in constant scouting and skirmishing between the Rapidan and Rappahannock as part of Averell's cavalry division. June of '63 brought heavy action for the Fourth New York troopers. The regiment was engaged all day at Aldie on June 17, with the loss of many men along with Colonel di Cesnola, a Medal of Honor winner who commanded the unit during some of the heaviest fighting. Cesnola was wounded and captured at Aldie. Charles is listed among the slightly wounded at Aldie on 17 June 1863 in a dispatch from Middleburgh, VA. This regiment participated in the Gettysburg Campaign until reaching Hanover Junction June 30th, when with the Brigade it was detached and moved to Manchester where it picketed the surrounding country until July 3rd, when it proceeded to Westminster. On the 4th it joined Kilpatrick's Division in pursuit of the enemy and with it participated at Monterey Pass that night, and in the many other cavalry engagements until the enemy recrossed the Potomac. A monument to the Regiment may be viewed at Pleasanton Avenue in Gettysburg. The regiment was commanded during the Gettysburg campaign by Lieutenant Colonel Augustus Pruyn and consisted of 298 men.
We know from the Adjutant General’s account in the documents of the New York Assembly that Charles was likely badly wounded in that he was assigned to 116th Company, 2nd Battalion, Veterans Reserve Corps to serve out his time in service. 1st Battalion was established for lightly wounded soldiers, while the 2nd Battalion was established for those more seriously wounded.
He had been previously captured at Manassas Plains in August 1862 and later released at Gainesville, VA in early September 1862. He deserted May 2, 1863, and returned under Presidential proclamation. He was mustered out 1 Oct 1864.
Charles is listed again as wounded in the head and side in this dispatch:
HEAD-QUARTERS , NEAR ALEXANDRIA, VA.,
AUGUST 3D, 1863.
FRIEND BRADBURY - - Weeks have passed away since I last wrote to you. I am still alive and in the "sunny south," thriving by chance, and like a seabird sporting on the shores of the majestic Potomac, in Alexandria-- poor, a "Soger," but nevertheless happy in the present and confiding in the future. I am Orderly Bugler at Head-quarters, having a fine time of it. At all times the Colonel commanding seems so good to me and obliging that I have become his inseparable friend and companion—I know not very well how, or why. Now my heart experiences those contradictory and complicated emotions, which agitate and discompose my existence. I tell you, friend Dan, when this cruel war is over, I will not be fit for much more than a cook's-mate's minister to read Psalms to rats. That is according to army regulations. I begin to experience the want of sweet companionship; although I enjoy unrestrained liberty, I have no devoted attendant to seek me and bring me back to the bosom of my home—not even a dog to warn me of danger, for it "lieth at my door." Yet I never experienced harm. I have wandered over the mountains and marshes without a guide and without a watch, and sometimes with no other couch than the moss-covered rocks or some marshy swamp, with mosquitoes formed in line of battle on my left and center. Yes! grey-backs, too—so help me Bob. I dine sumptuously. In short, I lead a free and joyous life, without incurring more risk or feeling more emotion than might be experienced by an old man of my age. If you want me to write, give me a clear surface, and that too of a good quality. If it be too hard, I can make no impression on it; if too soft, I shall destroy it at the first stroke. In short, although I acknowledge the extraordinary talents of the young correspondent of the Argus, in a letter I told the worthy shemale, with some temper and ironical humility, at the end of her first lesson, that her method was not adapted to a pupil so far advanced, and that a Master could only embarrass and retard the natural progress and invincible development of so superior an organization. More anon.
Troop G, 4th N. Y. Cavalry.
FOURTH NEW-YORK CAVALRY.
Ferd. Rosenbergr, Co. F— wounded and prisoner.
Robt. Brown, Co. F—killed.
William Kennelly, Co. F— wounded.
Isaac Campbell, Co. F—head.
E. Reeve, Co. K—right elbow.
Pat. Smith, Co. K—head.
Wm. Finnigan, Co. E—head.
Sergt. Geo. Tindle, Co. C—abdomen.
Chas. Fetterlechner, Co. A. head and side.
Thos. Marshall. Co. F-neck.
Thos. Grady—right shoulder
Wm, Kenly, Co. F—sabre cut on head and hand.
Corp. Ryan, Co. F—neck.
Inscription on 4th NY monument at Gettysburg:
4TH NEW -YORK CAVALRY 2ND BRIG. 2ND DIV. CAVALRY CORPS.
Reverse - THIS REGIMENT PARTICIPATED IN THE GETTYSBURG CAMPAIGN UNTIL REACHING HANOVER JUNCTION JUNE 30, WHEN WITH THE BRIGADE IT WAS DETACHED AND MOVED TO MANCHESTER, WHERE IT PICKETED THE SURROUNDING COUNTRY UNTIL JULY 3, WHEN IT PROCEEDED TO WESTMINISTER. ON THE 4TH, IT JOINED KILPATRICK'S DIVISION IN PURSUIT OF THE ENEMY AND WITH IT PARTICIPATED AT MONTEREY PASS THAT NIGHT AND IN THE MANY OTHER CAVALRY ENGAGEMENTS UNTIL THE ENEMY RECROSSED THE POTOMAC
New York State Military Museum
and Veterans Research Center
61 Lake Avenue
Saratoga Springs, NY 12866
Charles also probably fought at Kelly’s Ford, VA.
Kelly’s Ford was one of the early larger scale cavalry fights in Virginia that set the stage for Brandy Station and cavalry actions of the Gettysburg campaign. Twenty-one hundred troopers of Averell’s cavalry division crossed the Rappahannock River to attack the Confederate cavalry. Fitzhugh Lee counterattacked with a brigade of about 800 men. Thereis a monument in the woods today marking the death of Maj John Pelham, CSA, commanding the Stuart Horse Cavalry who died on March 17, 1863.
1889 Residency Trow's New York City Directory. 1889
345 E 31st Street, NY, NY near NYU Medical Center today
1900 Federal Census Residency - Eastern Branch National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, Kennebec, Maine. Records indicate he was first admitted at age 54
Buried at Soldiers Home, Togus, Maine
Gravestone of Charles Federlichner in Section O, East Side, Togus National Cemetery in Chelsea, Kennebec County, Maine. 
- [S727] New York Marriages 1686- 1980.
- [S403] George Ritter Descendants.
- [S42] Military Service Record.